PPP Loans & Tax Deductions
Tax planning and tax compliance are going to be more important than ever for any business owner continuing to weather the COVID-19 storm. Those that received a PPP loan may need to step extra lightly.
The PPP loan program presented an attractive option to business owners at a volatile time, allowing them access the needed funds to cover everything from payroll costs to mortgage interest. Hundreds of billions of dollars were loaned out. However, we learned early in the loan process that the use of these funds may cancel out other benefits afforded to the business owner.
As it stands now, loan recipients will not be able to deduct the expenses if they used PPP loan dollars, that will be forgiven, to cover those expenses. Under Section 1106(b) of the CARES Act, a recipient of a covered loan can receive forgiveness of debt on the loan in the amount equal to the sum of payments made for expenses during an eight week period beginning on the covered loan’s origination date. Those expenses include:
- Payroll costs
- Payment of interest on any covered mortgage obligation
- Payment on any covered rent obligation
- Covered Utility payments
*It is important to note that Section 1106(b) excludes from gross income any amount forgiven under PPP.
While the relief in these areas served as a savior for many businesses, the inability to deduct any of these expenses presents serious tax concerns. In short, they could be facing down higher tax bills. Unless Congress steps in.
As you can imagine, business owners and professional organizations were shocked by this Notice. Many have been challenging the non-deductibility of these PPP expenses, including The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). Their position is based on the fact that The CARES Act itself does not address whether deductions otherwise allowable under the Code for payments of eligible Section 1106 expenses by a recipient of a covered loan are allowed if the covered loan is subsequently forgiven as a result of the payment of those expenses.
The AICPA has said they feel as though the IRS’s interpretation denying deductions of expenses forgiven under the PPP program does not align with Congress’s intent. They believe the intent of the CARES Act was to allow businesses to deduct all of their ordinary and necessary expenses — including any expenses used in determining PPP covered costs. The AICPA has said they plan to seek legislative clarification. Read more about their position on this matter in this article: https://www.journalofaccountancy.com/news/2020/may/expenses-reimbursed-by-ppp-not-tax-deductible-paycheck-protection-program.html
For now, we wait to see if members of Congress take any action against the matter of these deductions. We will continue to monitor this situation and will keep you posted on any further developments.